This JUPITER cable system overview is prepared according to the information released by JUPITER Consortium in their application for cable landing license to the FCC. The JUPITER cable system will have a total length of 14,557 kilometers and consist of three main segments, main trunk with 5 fiber pairs, Philippines branch with 2 fiber pairs and Oregon branch with 2 fiber pairs. Each fiber pair will have a total design capacity of 12 Tbps per fiber pair, for a total of 60 Tbps for the JUPITER cable system as a whole.
JUPITER Consortium Members
- Amazon (Amazon Data Services, Inc)
- Facebook ( Edge Cable Holdings USA, LLC, Edge Network Services Limited, Edge Network Services Limited (Japan Branch))
- NTT ( NTT Worldwide Telecommunications Corporation (NTT WT)and NTT America).
- PCCW Global (HKT Global (Singapore) Pte Ltd)
- PLDT (PLDT, Inc.)
- SoftBank (SoftBank Corp.)
Facebook divides its ownership in JUPITER cable system into three portions, Portion in U.S. Territorial Waters, Portion in International Waters, Portion in Japanese Territorial Waters, which are owned by Edge Cable Holdings USA, Edge Network Services and Edge Network Services Japan Branch respectively.
NTT assigns all of its ownership in JUPITER cable system under NTT WT, a Japanese entity. NTT WT is the landing party for the Shima Landing and NTT America acts as the landing party for the Hermosa Beach Landing.
JUPTIER Cable System Design
JUPITER cable system will have a total length of 14,557 kilometers and consist of three main segments:
The Main Trunk connects Maruyama and Shima, Japan, with Hermosa Beach, California. The Main Trunk consists of five fiber pairs. Facebook owns 2 fiber pairs, PLDT owns one fiber pair, Amazon, NTT, PCCW Global and Softbank each owns a half fiber pair. Each fiber pair has a total design capacity of 12 Tbps per fiber pair (for a total of 60 Tbps for the JUPITER cable system as a whole) using current technology.
The Philippines Branch connects Daet Cable Landing Station, Philippines, with a branching unit on the Main Trunk. It consists of two fiber pairs, for a total length of 3505km. The Philippines Branch is soly invested and owned by PLDT.
The Oregon Branch connects Pacific City CLS in Oregon, with a branching unit on the Main Trunk. It consist of two fiber pairs, with a total length of 740 km. The Oregon Branch is soly invested and owned by Facebook.
Ownership and Control of Cable Landing Stations
|JUPITER Cable Landing Stations||
New or Exsiting
|Shima, Japan||Existing||NTT WT|
|Hermosa Beach, California, USA||Existing||NTT America （control）
|Pacific City, Oregon, USA||Existing||Facebook (control)
|Daet, the Philippines||Existing||PLDT|
The Jupiter cable has dual lands in Japan, at the Maruyama CLS owned by Softbank and the Shima CLS, owned by NTT.
NTT also builds a new multilayer-security Minamiboso Cable Landing Station in Minamiboso, Chiba Prefecture, and extends Jupiter from the existing Maruyama CLS which is owned and operated by Softbank. The Minamiboso Cable Landing Station serves as NTT's another terminatal station for Jupiter cable system, other than its Shima CLS.
The Jupiter cable has dual lands in the US, at the Hermosa Beach CLS owned by RTI and the Pacific City CLS owned by Microsoft.
For JUPITER’s Hermosa Beach landing, NTT America seeks to enter into an agreement with RTI Infrastructure, Inc. (RTI-I) granting NTT America an IRU for RTI-I’s beach manhole and one of its bore pipes at Hermosa Beach and for a conduit connecting the beach manhole with RTI-I’s existing, highly-secure, and purpose-built cable landing station. Under the contemplated agreement, RTI-I grants to NTT America a long-term lease for collocation space for power feed equipment in RTI-I’s cable landing station space. NTT America seeks to ensure that both the IRU and lease agreements will have initial 15-year terms, with the option of two five-year extensions that may be exercised at NTT America’s sole discretion, for a maximum of 25 years each. NTT America has exclusive control over the power feed equipment that they locate in RTI-I’s cable landing station. NTT America retains operational authority over the JUPITER landing facilities at Hermosa Beach and provides direction to RTI-I in all matters relating to JUPITER. The terminal equipment for all of JUPITER’s fiber pairs is installed at CoreSite LA2 data center in Los Angeles.
For JUPITER’s Oregon landing, Edge USA contracts with Microsoft Infrastructure Group,LLC (MIGL) which provides certain limited services that would not provide it with any ability to affect significantly JUPITER’soperation. Edge USA constructs beach manhole and bore pipes from the landing point to the Pacific City CLS. Under the contemplated agreement, Edge secures long-term rights from MIGL for collocation space for power feed equipment in MIGL’s Pacific City CLS —space over which Edge USA has exclusive control. Edge USA ensures that the contemplated agreement has an initial 15-year term, with the option of two five-year extensions that may be exercised at Edge USA’s sole discretion, for a maximum term of 25 years. Edge USA has exclusive control over the power feed equipment locating in MIGL’s Pacific City CLS. Edge USA retains operational authority over the JUPITER landing facilities at the Pacific City CLS and provide direction to MIGL in all matters relating to JUPITER. The terminal equipment for all of JUPITER’s fiber pairs in the state of Oregon is installed at Flexential Brookwood Data Center.
NTT's Reorganization and Ownership in Jupiter
In a series of actions consummated as of July 1, 2019, Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Corporation (NTT) and its subsidiaries and affiliates (collectively, the NTT Group) undertook to reorganize the businesses of NTT Com through a de-merger that separates NTT Com's global telecommunications business from its domestic business in Japan (the De-Merger). Pursuant to the De-Merger, NTT Com assigned its interests in the JUPITER system to another wholly owned subsidiary of NTT, NTT WT, which will replace NTT Com as a joint applicant for the JUPITER cable landing license. NTT WT, NTT Com, and NTT are Japanese entities. The De-Merger consisted of four distinct steps.
First, NTT established a new intermediate holding company, NTT Ltd., a United Kingdom entity, to own the NTT Group subsidiaries for the group's global telecommunications businesses.
Second, the NTT Group established NTT WT as a new wholly owned, direct subsidiary of NTT Com and contributed to it the assets and liabilities of NTT Com's global telecommunications business (including NTT Com's interest in the JUPITER system).
Third, NTT Com contributed the shares of NTT WT and of each of the subsidiaries of its global telecommunications business (including NTT America) to NTT Ltd.
Finally, in consideration of the foregoing actions, NTT Ltd. issued shares of its own stock to NTT Com, and which NTT Com distributed such shares to NTT Inc. as dividend in kind. NTT Inc., a Japanese entity, is wholly owned by NTT.