Submarine and terrestrial cable systems connecting countries or regions in North America.
The Maple Leaf Fibre cable system consists of a terrestrial segment between Montréal, Ottawa, and Kingston, and a submarine segment through Lake Ontario between Kingston and downtown Toronto.
The Maple Leaf Fibre cable system is developed by Maple Leaf Fibre Ltd., a joint venture of Crosslake Fibre ULC based in Toronto, Metro Optic Inc. based in Montréal, Quebec, and Utilities Kingston based in Ontario.
Crosslake Fibre's Lake Ontario submarine fibre-optic cable is the first of its kind, a high fibre count (192 cores) cable connecting US to Canada via Lake Ontario. This is an important cable system for financial firms, enterprises and carriers, as it offers secure, low latency routes and high capacity options into the US.
Crosslake Fibre's Lake Ontario submarine cable spans 131km from Toronto to Buffalo, with a 58km submarine segment.
Crosslake Fibre delivers diverse, ultra-low latency of sub 9ms, linking Toronto's largest carrier hotels, Equinix TR2 at 45 Parliament Street and 151 Front Street West, to Equinix NY4 at 755 Secaucus, New Jersey with multiple extensions to various points-of-presence in both cities. Crosslake Fibre provides lit and dark fiber services interconnecting Toronto, Buffalo in New York State, Secaucus in New Jersey
The Topolobambo – La Paz submarine cable system is a 250km unrepeatered submarine cable system with 24 fiber pairs. The system, which will have a capacity of 192Tb/s, is planned for delivery in Q2 2019.
The Topolobambo – La Paz submarine cable system is owned and operated by Megacable Holdings, S.A.B. de C.V., one of the largest Cable Telecommunications operator in Mexico. The cable system is supplied by Huawei Marine.
CONFLUENCE-1 is a new 24 fiber pairs and 2571km submarine cable from Miami to New York, as a diverse, more direct and more secure alternative to current linkages via existing terrestrial routes between Miami and New York.
The main trunk of the CONFLUENCE-1 connects Wall, New Jersey with Sunny Isles, Florida, with branching units to Virginia Beach, Myrtle Beach and Jacksonville Beach.
CONFLUENCE-1 will interconnect a number of international cable systems, including the largest recently-installed and planned systems owned by the market’s major players. These systems carry traffic among the continents and islands bordering the Atlantic basin - North America, South America, Europe, Africa and the Caribbean.
CONFLUENCE-1 is developed by Confluence Networks, founded in 2019 by a group of seasoned industry professionals with the express purpose of providing the first subsea system to interconnect key cable landing sites on the East Coast of the US – New York, Miami, Virginia Beach, and Jacksonville – and to develop an important new landing site in the Carolinas.
In March 2021, Confluence Networks announced that MasTec Inc. (NYSE: MTZ) has acquired an equity interest in Confluence.
Confluence Networks has contracted with: a) WSP and its subsidiary Ecology and Environment to pursue the requisite permits across various state, municipal, port entities such as state departments of environmental protection, b) Law firm Morgan Lewis in Washington DC to perform their services at the federal agency level for permitting, and c) SubCom to carry out the desktop survey.
The WALL-LI cable system is a submarine fibre-optic cable from Wall, New Jersey to Long Island, New York, with a 95km high fibre count unrepeatered submarine cable.
The WALL-LI cable system provides a physically diverse, lower latency route between cable landing stations in Long Island and New Jersey, and a Manhattan bypass route to avoid network congestion and weather-related threats in the region.
The WALL-LI cable system terminates at NJFX in Wall, New Jersey, and 1025Connect in Westbury, Long Island.
The NJFX Cable Landing Campus is capitalizing on its location as a meet-me point for international connectivity. 1025Connect is Long Island's premier network-neutral Meet-Me Room for interconnection and colocation, known for its ability to provide direct access to multiple subsea cables East of New York City.
The GigNet-1 cable system is a 1,200 kilometers advanced subsea fiber optic cable system connecting Florida, the United States and Cancun, Mexico.
The GigNet-1 subsea cable system is a privately cable owned by FB Submarine Partners, LLC, in a partnership with GigNet, Inc. and its wholly-owned operting subsidiary GigNet S.A. de C.V. for access to the beach in Cancun and colocation in GigNet's Cancun cable landing station in Mexico.
Xtera was selected to serve as the primary EPC contractor for the GigNet-1 cable project, to provide the subsea wetplant consisting of the fiber and amplifiers (repeaters), the submarine line terminals in Florida and Mexico, and manage the installation.
The GigNet-1 cable project is expected to be completed in 2022.
The SednaLink cable system is a 1,904 kilometres domestic submarine cable system in Canada, from Sheshatsui to Iqaluit with two branches serving Nunatsiavut communities.
The SednaLink will share a joint infrastructure with Leif Erikson cable systems landing in Happy-Valley, Goose Bay, Canada.
The SednaLink cable system is developing by CanArctic Inuit Networks Inc.
Gold Data 1 is the first cable system in the Gulf of Mexico which connects Miami in Florida with strategic points in Mexico: Mexico City, Cancun, and Queretaro.
The Gold Data 1 submarine cable system consists of 10 fiber pairs, designed for a capacity of 250Tbps (50x 400Gbps per fiber pair).
The Gold Data 1 submarine cable system is developed by Gold Data Inc., a technology company founded in 2000 and headquartered in the US. Gold Data partners with Orange for the technical design and laying the cable, working together with Orange Marine cable ship.
Golda Data has selected Alcatel Submarine Networks as system supplier, and Ciena for providing the GeoMesh Extreme SLTE and transport technology.
The Gold Data 1 is expected to cost US$150million, to be ready for service in 2024.
Gold Data 1 cable route, Image courtesy: Gold Data