The Flag North Asian Loop/Reach North Asian Loop (FNAL/RNAL) is an Intra-Asia submarine cable system linking Japan, Korea, Taiwan, Hong Kong in a ring configuration. The FNAL/RNAL ring network consists of 6 fiber pairs stretching 10,000 km. Reliance Globalcom (FLAG Telecom) and Reach each owns three of the six fiber pairs of the entire FNAL/RNAL submarine cable system respectively.
Reliance Globalcom (FLAG Telecom) brands FNAL for its ownership and capacity in system. Reach brands RNAL for its ownership and capacity in system, which was also called "Tiger" before Reach acquired it from Level 3 Communications.
Reliance Globalcom has successfully upgraded it FNAL to 40G submarine network in the end of August 2011.
PCCW Global announced to upgrade the RNAL with 100G network solutions in January, 2012.
- Flag North Asian Loop/Reach North Asian Loop, or FNAL/RNAL
- 10,000 Km
- Eastern leg of 5000 km, connecting Hong Kong and Tokyo via Toucheng, Taiwan
- Western leg of 5000 km, connecting Hong Kong and Tokyo via Pusan, Korea
- 6 fiber pairs on the Eastern leg
- 6 fiber pairs on the Western leg
- 2.40 Tbps on the Eastern leg, 40x10 Gbps DWDM over each of 6 fiber pairs
- 3.84 Tbps on the Western leg, 64x10 Gbps DWDM over each of 6 fiber pairs
- 12 Tbps after the upgrade on FNAL to 40 Gpbs coherent submarine network in August 2011
- 80 Gbps (as of RFS in July. 2001)
Ready for Service Date:
- PCCW Global owns the RNAL (formerly Reach and Level 3 Communications, Reach acquired North Asian Loop and other Asian assets from Level 3 in 2001 )
- Reliance Globalcom (formerly Flag Telecom) owns the FNAL
- US$ 900 million
- Wada, Japan, Reliance/Reach
- Pusan, Korea, Korea Telecom
- Toucheng, Taiwan, Chunghwa Telecom
- Tong Fuk, Hong Kong, Reach
- Alcatel for the initial western leg
- Alcatel and Fujistu for the initial eastern leg
- Ciena for the upgrade of the FNAL with 40G coherent solution
- Ciena for the upgrade of the RNAL with 100G coherent sulution
FNAL/RNAL Submarine Cable Map: