The geographic position of Egypt allows for an efficient crossing from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea for submarine cable systems.
Telecom Egypt (TE) is Egypt’s only fixed network operator, owns and operates the TE Transit Corridor, which comprises the terrestrial infrastructure linking the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, over multiple diverse and redundant routes. Additional terrestrial routes over the Sinai Peninsula add to the unique resilience of the TE Transit Corridor and favourable submarine cable build economics by avoiding shallow waters.
There are now four cable landing stations in Egypt, Abu Talat CLS and Alexandria CLS in the northwards to the Mediterranean Sea, Suez CLS and Zafarana CLS in the coast of the Red Sea. There are now 16 submarine cable systems connecting Egpyt (17 including PEACE). And there is also a Trans Border Terrestrial Cables with Libya & Sudan. Besides the fours cable landing stations in the Red Sea-Mediterranean Corridor, there is a cable landing station in Taba for the Taba-Aqaba submarine cable system conneting Taba in Egypt and Aqaba in Jordan.
Cables landing at the Abu Talat CLS:
Cables landing at the Zafarana CLS:
Cables landing at the Alexandria CLS:
Cables landing at the Suez CLS:
In addition to above cable landing stations, the 2Africa Consortium has signed an agreement with Telecom Egypt to provide a completely new route linking the Red Sea and the Mediterranean, the first in over a decade. This includes new cable landing stations and deployment of next-generation fibre on two new, diverse terrestrial routes parallel to the Suez Canal from Ras Ghareb to Port Said, and a new subsea link that will provide a third path between Ras Ghareb and Suez.
Fore more information, please refer to the Study Report on Submarine Cables Crossing Egypt and their Costs.