The geographic position of Egypt allows for an efficient crossing from the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea for submarine cable systems.
Telecom Egypt (TE) is Egypt’s only fixed network operator, owns and operates the TE Transit Corridor (or Trans-Egypt) infrastructure, which comprises the terrestrial infrastructure linking the Red Sea to the Mediterranean Sea, over multiple diverse and redundant routes. Additional terrestrial routes over the Sinai Peninsula add to the unique resilience of the TE Transit Corridor and favourable submarine cable build economics by avoiding shallow waters.
Telecom Egypt is pursuing its plans to boost its international infrastructure by building new landing stations on the Mediterranean and Red seas that will be connected via new diverse terrestrial and subsea crossing routes. This has grabbed the attention of more and more global and international telecommunication players. Today, Telecom Egypt owns and operates 10 diversified terrestrial Trans-Egypt crossing routes which connect all landing stations on the Red and Mediterranean Seas. Telecom Egypt carefully selected the locations of the new landing station facilities, and accordingly built them with especially tailored specifications, and with further expansion plans in mind.There are now 10 submarine cable landing stations in Egypt, 5 on the coast of Mediterranean Sea and 5 on the coast of the Red Sea.
As of June 2022, there are now 15 in-service submarine cables connecting Egpyt (some with multiple subsystems), and another 5 cables under construction which include 2Africa/HARP/EMIC-1, Africa-1, IEX, Medusa and SMW6. And there are also Trans Border Terrestrial Cables to Libya, Sudan and Jordan.
|Sidi Kerir CLS||Abu Talat 1 CLS||Abu Talat 2 CLS||Alexandria CLS||Port Said CLS|
|IEX (2023)||AAE-1||MENA/GBI||Aletar/Berytar||FLAG Europe-Asia (FEA)|
|EIG||PEACE||FLAG Europe-Asia (FEA)||2Africa / EMIC-1 (2023)|
|SEA-ME-WE 5||Hawk||Africa-1 (2023)|
|SEA-ME-WE 3||IEX (2023)|
|SEA-ME-WE 4||SEA-ME-WE 6 (2025)|
|IEX (2023)||Medusa (2025)|
|Ras Ghareb CLS||Zafarana 2 CLS||Zafarana 1 CLS||Suez CLS||Hod elDars CLS|
|Africa-1 (2023)||PEACE||EIG||FLAG Europe-Asia (FEA)|
|HARP (2023)||IEX (2023)||SEACOM||SEA-ME-WE 3|
|SEA-ME-WE 6 (2025)||TGN-EA||SEA-ME-WE 4|
The Port Said CLS and the Ras Ghareb CLS are new cable landing stations which Telecom Egypt builds for 2Africa cable system and other new cables, to provide brand-new terrestrial crossing routes linking the Red Sea and the Mediterranean Sea, the first in over a decade. Notablely, 2Africa will land at four Cable Landing Stations in Egypt that were selected precisely to assure physical and geographical diversity. On the Mediterranean side, 2Africa will be landing at the Port Said CLS, which is located 250 km east of the Alexandria CLS. On the Red Sea side, in addition to land at the new Ras Ghareb CLS which is located 100 km south of the Zafarana CLS, 2Africa will land at the Zafarana CLS and Suez CLS as well. The Ras Ghareb CLS and the Port Said CLS are connected with two new and diverse terrestrial routes with the deployment of next generation fibre, the routes will be in vicinity with the Suez Canal from Suez to Port Said, and will be complemented with a third new marine path linking Ras Ghareb and Suez landing stations.
In March 2021, Telecom Egypt and Suez Canal Authority, in coordination with the Armed Forces Signal Corps, signed an agreement to create the new Egypt crossing terrestrial cable route for fiber optic internet cables between the Red Sea and the Mediterranean through Al Morshedeen Road.
Fore more information, please refer to the Study Report on Submarine Cables Crossing Egypt and their Costs.