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Executive Summary

1. Overview of China IDC market in 2017

1. Market Size and Growth

In 2017 the total size of China IDC market was 94.61 billion Yuan, with an annual growth rate of 32.4%. The China IDC market is continuously on the ascent and gradually entering its maturity phase as customers are becoming more aware of their needs so they could evaluate their purchase more accurately. Moreover, IDC service provides are expanding their operation on a constant rate. Market equilibrium is achieved at different levels in the process of market growth, which indicates China IDC industry is evolving towards a more segmented and regulated fashion.

Along with the continuous booming of online streaming, gaming and e-commerce, Internet industry contributes the most significant demand for China IDC. Moreover, traditional industries are encouraged by policies to embrace digital transformation and enhance their adoption of IT technologies so their demand for IDC services are also on the rise, driving the market growth even further.

Regionally, first tier cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen remains as the leading markets for IDC service. These 4 cities combined have accounted for over 30% of the market demand and are critical to sustainable market growth.

China IDC Market Size(2012-2017) China IDC Market Size(2012-2017),        Data source:IDC Nova,2018.03 


2. Features of the China IDC Market

2.1 Development of Hyperscale Data Centers

In China, the distribution of hyperscale data centers is highly correlated with the level of IT adoption in a region. Under normal circumstances, regions with higher level of IT adoption could offer sufficient market demand and resource readiness, which are the key prerequisite to establish large-scale data centers. However, due to the guidance of local government policies, there are increasingly more large-scale data centers in progress within the regions of lower level of IT adoption.

Overall, the level of IT adoption in Midwest China is lower than that of the developed regions such as the Southeast. However, the development of hyperscale data centers has significantly improved through measures such as investment offerings, policy incentives, and talent management. For areas such as Inner Mongolia and Guizhou, where natural environment and state policies are highly favorable to data center development, the number of hyperscale data centers has increased dramatically, attracting both domestic and international Internet giants to show their presence within the region.

Distribution of Large-scale Data Centers in China
     Distribution of Large-scale Data Centers in China,     Data source: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, 2018.03


2.2 Traditional industry players to enter the IDC market by M&A

(More specific analysis could be viewed in the full version)

2.3 Chinese IDC service providers to expand their presence in oversea markets

(More specific analysis could be viewed in the full version)


3. Competitive Structure of China IDC Market in 2017

3.1. Classification of Service Providers

Based on resource and business model differences, China IDC service providers are categorized as state-owned telecommunication carriers, carrier-neutral service providers and public cloud based service providers.

State-owned telecommunication carriers: including China Telecom, China Unicom and China Mobile. They have the ownership of massive public telecommunication infrastructures and enjoy the privilege from backbone network and international Internet bandwidth. They provide network services and facilities to carrier-neutral service providers, public cloud based service providers and industry customers.

Carrier-neutral service providers: including GDS, 21ViaNet, Dr. Peng, Sinnet and so forth. They provide services such as hosting, colocation and data center management. In terms of ownership of data centers, carrier-neutral service providers could be subdivided into providers with self-owned data centers and agents who are on leased data centers. The former generally have strong capabilities and resources, mainly targeting at large-scale customers while the latter offer services to a wide range of small-to-medium scale customers.

Public cloud based service (IaaS) providers: including Aliyun, Tencent Cloud, UCloud and so forth. They mainly focus on public cloud services and are usually in a dominant position in vertical markets. Apart from cloud hosting, cloud storage and vertical industry solutions, some of the providers have begun to offer traditional IDC services such as colocation to their customers.

The three types of service providers above are in competition in terms of offering colocation and clouding services while are in corporation in terms of data center leasing and bandwidth purchase.

Advantages and Disadvantages of Different IDC Providers in China
Advantages and Disadvantages of Different IDC Providers in China,      Source: IDCNova


4. Competitive Landscape 

(More specific analysis could be viewed in the full version)


5. Market Trends of China IDC Market through 2018 to 2020

1. Market Size Forecast

China IDC market is entering its maturity phase. It is expected that the market will maintain its growth with a diminishing rate and exceed 120 billion Yuan by 2018.

Internet industry, especially e-commerce and streaming branches, will raise their demand for IDC services as their businesses are on track to grow. Traditional industries will accelerate their digitalization process, such as cloud based IT application, which would boost the IDC market even further. In addition, state-owned telecommunication carriers and carrier-neutral service providers will step up their presence in both domestic and oversea markets to continue their expansion of large-scale and hyperscale data centers.

Along with the technological evolution and iteration of application scenarios such as 5G and the Internet of Things, the end-user demand for Internet access will experience explosive growth. Accordingly the application scenario of IDC service will be further expanded and hence trigger incremental demand. It is foreseeable that China IDC market will experience some dramatic growth by 2020, exceeding 200 billion Yuan.


China IDC Market Forecast, 2018-2020
China IDC Market Forecast, 2018-2020, Source: IDC Nova


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Contents-2018-2019 China Internet Data Center Market Report
Table of Contents-2018-2019 China Internet Data Center Market Report