Over the last few years, an explosive growth of data and bandwidth has taken place due to the development of data center, cloud computing, and big video services. This is posing higher bandwidth and latency requirements on submarine cables. To meet the requirements, more and faster submarine cables are needed.
In addition, the worldwide demand for connectivity is increasing as cloud computing, Internet of Things (IoT), Big Data, and mobile Internet continue to develop rapidly. Submarine cables are vital in the effort to create a better connected world. They are the cornerstone for economic development and draw the attention of governments and investors. However, many challenges are involved in the construction of submarine cable networks. Further support from governments and the open collaboration of all players in the industry chain are required to overcome these challenges.