This is the 4th article to explore the fascinating world of subsea cables that continue to challenge the speed-limits of intercontinental optical transmission with newer advancements, greater programmability and volume production in optoelectronics along with more advanced optical fiber cables that maximize span of un-repeatered transmission. It can't be stressed more that the maze of subsea cables beneath the sea are fundamental to the global connectedness for every form of communication and the ubiquitous Internet for individuals, organizations and governments. With soaring demand primarily from content/cloud providers and new technology making economics attractive, new subsea cables will always be welcome. I started exploring the subsea cable landscape with a high level view of global picture, explored new trends with subsea cables and in the backdrop of 366 subsea cables and 1006 cable landing stations discussed - do we need more subsea cables. Thereafter I looked at the Indian market closely and explored the rapid developments unfolding with 20 subsea cables and 19 cable landing stations. Next I looked at continental Africa with 54 countries of which 37 countries has at least one submarine cable landing and explored the play of 24 primary subsea cables along and Eastern and Western Africa converging in South Africa that usher era of digital economy and the wider social upliftment to every country. In this article, I will take a closer look at the Middle East region that offers an interesting panorama of subsea cables and its regional uniqueness as tabulated below.
This article is part two of the first article that looked closely at the subsea cable landscape across Africa. It concluded that nearly all the countries where economic progress and telecom liberalization is evidently gaining momentum are served by two or more subsea cables has created a vibrant landscape for Enterprise Network Services to flourish with a bouquet of connectivity options at competitive price for enterprise customers.