Cable Landing Stations in West Coast of the U.S.
Cable landing stations in the West Coast of the U.S. link most of the trans-pacific cables westward to Asia, Oceania, Hawaii, Guam, also connect with the submarine cables reaching Mexico and South America, as well as northward cables connecting Canada and the State of Alaska.
In the U.S., cables and cable landings are under the jurisdiction of the Federal Communications Commission and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (National Environmental Policy Act of 1969 [42 USC 4321-4327]). The U.S. Department of State also has a role. Cable Landing License is required to land a submarine cable in the U.S..
- Cable Landing Stations in Canada
- Cable Landing Stations in East Coast of the U.S.
Cable Landing Stations in Guam
Guam is a natural hub and communication gateway for trans-Pacific telecommunications. On this 212-square-mile island, Guam arguably has one of the most extensive telecom infrastructures in the Asia Pacific region and most areas throughout the United States. There are currently 10 separate submarine cables with landing points in Guam, connecting Asia and Australia with the United States, via three cable landing stations in Guam -- Tumon Bay, Piti and Tanguisson -- allowing local interconnections to alternate routes and cable diversity. The cables landing in Guam include CUCN, AAG, AJC and Guam-Philippine at Tanguisson station, TPC-5, AJC and Pacrim West at Tumon Bay station, TGN-Pacific, TGN-IA and PPC-1 at Piti station.
Cable Landing Stations in Hawaii
There are 7 major transpacific submarine cables landing in Hawaii, distributed at 5 cable landing stations in Hawaii island, including
- two cable landing stations in Kawaihae of the Big Island, i.e., the Spencer Beach Cable Landing Station for the Honotua cable system and the other Spencer Beach Cable Landing Station for the Southern Cross cable system, and
- three cable landing stations in Hanolulu island, i.e., the Kahe Point Cable Landing Station for the Southern Cross, the Makaha Cable Landing Station for the Japan-US CN, and the Keawaula Cable Landing Station for TPC-5, Telstra Endeavour, AAG and ASH (American Samoa Hawaii Cable)